About the author  ⁄ The Endowment for Middle East Truth

To read EMET’s fact sheet on Iran, click here.


Know as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was forced into exile. Shia Muslim Islamist clerical forces led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts – an elected 86-member body of clerics. Now the Supreme Leader is the Ayatollah Ali Khameini. Iran’s current President if Hassan Rouhani. The President is elected in an undemocratic process every four years.

Iran Fact Sheet

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Click here to read the full document.


  1. Palestinian Law

The salary payments to terrorists are made according to Palestinian Authority (PA) legislation. The Pay for Slay program is mainly anchored in two laws from 2004, Law No. 14 and Law No. 19, and in a 2013 amendment to the latter law.

  • Law No. 14 establishes the opening of a “special account” to fund prisoners, defined as “anyone incarcerated in the occupation’s prisons for his participation in the struggle against the occupation” (Article 1).
  • Law No. 19 defines the prisoners and released prisoners as “a fighting sector and an integral part of the fabric of the Arab Palestinian society” (Article 2) and declares the need to “grant the financial rights of the prisoner and his family” (Article 4). It also stipulates that the PA shall “grant every incarcerated prisoner a monthly allowance, without discrimination,” meaning including members of Hamas (Article 6). The law lists preferential treatment for released prisoners such as exemptions from: tuition fees at government schools and universities, health insurance payments, and tuition fees for professional training programs (Article 5).
  • The 2013 amendment to Law No. 19 grants “priority in annual job placements in all State institutions” for released prisoners (Article 5). It also dictates that the longer the imprisonment the prisoner is entitled to a higher rank in the government apparatus and to a higher salary, basically the deadlier the attack, the richer the reward. Article 9 extends prisoner status to a larger portion of the population, including expelled persons, those under house arrest, and to PLO members arrested outside of Palestine.

The salaries are currently paid based on PA Government Decision No. 23 of 2010, which specifies the prisoners’ monthly allowance according to the length of sentence. Bonuses are also paid if the terrorists are Israeli Arab or Arab residents from Jerusalem. The PA also provides prisoners with a monthly allowance for canteen expenses, totaling $780,000 per month.

Time spent in Prison Monthly allowance in US dollars
3 years or less $400
3 – 5 years $570
5 – 10 years $1,142
10 – 15 years $1,707
15 – 20 years $1,999
20 – 25 years $2276
30 + years $3,120
Additional payment for prisoners from Jerusalem $85
Additional payment for Arab Israeli prisoners $138

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EMET’s Syria Fact Sheet


The Syrian Arab Republic has for decades been ruled by the Assad family. Hafiz Assad ruled Syria from 1971- 2000. In 2000, his son Bashar Assad succeeded him. The Syrian regime is considered a military regime, and Bashar Assad has continued his father’s autocratic rule. Bashar Assad represents the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, Ba’ath meaning “resurrection” in Arabic. This is the same party of former dictator Saddam Hussein of Iraq. The Ba’athists hold a pan-Arab ideology which originally sought to unite all Arabs together in a socialist and revolutionary Arab nation, while usually discriminating against non-Arabs like the Kurds, the Jews, etc.

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