Review Category : Fact Sheets

UNRWA Fact Sheet

Click here to read EMET's fact sheet on UNWRA.


The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA) was established by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 302 in 1949. Its intended use was to facilitate a solution (resettlement and/or repatriation) for the 700,000 Arabs who fled their homes during the 1948 war. Resolution 302 made it clear that UNRWA was to be short-term. Direct relief was to be terminated in December of the following year. However, the General Assembly passed Resolution 393, which asserted: “direct relief cannot be terminated” and recommended the continuation of UNRWA activities and the establishment of a reintegration fund that would “prepare for the termination of international assistance and for the permanent reestablishment of refugees and their removal from relief.” Seven decades later, UNRWA’s “short-term” assistance has not helped facilitate a solution for the refugees, nor has it lead to the economic development. Conversely, UNRWA evolved from a temporary organization that supplied only emergency relief into a permanent governmental and developmental services providing bureaucracy that affirms dependency over self-sufficiency.

Meanwhile, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was created in 1950, during the aftermath of the Second World War, to help millions of Europeans who had fled or lost their homes. UNHCR now handles ALL other refugees. UNHCR has helped over 50 million refugees to restart their lives.

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Iranian Aggression & Bad Actions Since the JCPOA

Iranian Aggression Since the JCPOA

Despite predictions that the JCPOA would moderate Iran, Tehran has increased its violations of international law, acts of military & terroristic aggression, destabilized (and here) and ignited an arms race in the Middle East. It plans to boost its weaponry. Things continue to get worse, with Iran not even in compliance with the deal.

Known or Possible Iranian Violations of the JCPOA

• Prior to the deal, Iran refused to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) investigating its Possible Military Dimensions (PMD). Iran only enabled the IAEA to draw partial conclusions on 2 of the 12 elements. In 5 cases, the IAEA noted that PMD occurred despite Iran’s claims.

  • “Iran has demanded that the international community “close the file” on PMDs. Iran also has prevented the IAEA from interviewing key personnel in charge of PMD activities.”
  • There was little new information in the Dec. IAEA report. o The Obama administration concluded that uranium particles discovered at Parchin likely were tied to the country’s covert nuclear weapons program. This contradicts Iran’s claims.
  • Post-deal, Iran refused to cooperate with the IAEA. Each of the 8 quarterly IAEA
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Iraq fact sheet

Iraq Fact Sheet


The Iraqi government was created by a new constitution in 2005, after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The government is led by a Kurdish President, currently Fuad Masum, a Shia Prime Minister, currently Haider Abadi, and a Sunni Arab Vice President, currently, Khodair Khozaei. The Prime Minister is the dominant leader. The population of Iraq is estimated to be 38 million, with two official languages, Arabic and Kurdish. Currently, the once powerful Islamic State (IS) Caliphate (both in Iraq and Syria) is in decline. The Kurdish areas in the north are considering secession from Iraq. The central government, as well as Iran and Turkey, all vociferously opposed Kurdish independence. The Iraqi army engaged with the Kurds over Kirkuk, with Iran and the PMF’s supportive of Iraqi forces. The Kurdish authorities retreated and are now only in the official Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) areas. Public officials in the U.S. have also opposed independence and threatened aid. The Sunni majority areas are in the west, and are where the IS is strongest.


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Iran Fact Sheet

To read EMET’s fact sheet on Iran, Iran Fact Sheet


Know as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was forced into exile. Shia Muslim Islamist clerical forces led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts – an elected 86-member body of clerics. Now the Supreme Leader is the Ayatollah Ali Khameini. Iran’s current President if Hassan Rouhani. The President is elected in an undemocratic process every four years.

Iran Fact Sheet

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Taylor Force Act Talking Points

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  1. Palestinian Law

The salary payments to terrorists are made according to Palestinian Authority (PA) legislation. The Pay for Slay program is mainly anchored in two laws from 2004, Law No. 14 and Law No. 19, and in a 2013 amendment to the latter law.

  • Law No. 14 establishes the opening of a “special account” to fund prisoners, defined as “anyone incarcerated in the occupation’s prisons for his participation in the struggle against the occupation” (Article 1).
  • Law No. 19 defines the prisoners and released prisoners as “a fighting sector and an integral part of the fabric of the Arab Palestinian society” (Article 2) and declares the need to “grant the financial rights of the prisoner and his family” (Article 4). It also stipulates that the PA shall “grant every incarcerated prisoner a monthly allowance, without discrimination,” meaning including members of Hamas (Article 6). The law lists preferential treatment for released prisoners such as exemptions from: tuition fees at government schools and universities, health insurance payments, and tuition fees for professional training programs (Article 5).
  • The 2013 amendment to Law No. 19 grants “priority in annual job placements in all State institutions” for released prisoners (Article 5). It also dictates that the longer the imprisonment the prisoner is entitled to a higher rank in the government apparatus and to a higher salary, basically the deadlier the attack, the richer the reward. Article 9 extends prisoner status to a larger portion of the population, including expelled persons, those under house arrest, and to PLO members arrested outside of Palestine.

The salaries are currently paid based on PA Government Decision No. 23 of 2010, which specifies the prisoners’ monthly allowance according to the length of sentence. Bonuses are also paid if the terrorists are Israeli Arab or Arab residents from Jerusalem. The PA also provides prisoners with a monthly allowance for canteen expenses, totaling $780,000 per month.

Time spent in Prison Monthly allowance in US dollars
3 years or less $400
3 – 5 years $570
5 – 10 years $1,142
10 – 15 years $1,707
15 – 20 years $1,999
20 – 25 years $2276
30 + years $3,120
Additional payment for prisoners from Jerusalem $85
Additional payment for Arab Israeli prisoners $138

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Syria Fact Sheet

Syria Fact Sheet
The Syrian Arab Republic has for decades been ruled by the Assad family. Hafiz Assad ruled Syria from 1971- 2000. In 2000, his son Bashar Assad succeeded him. The Syrian regime is considered a military regime, and Bashar Assad has continued his father’s autocratic rule. Bashar Assad represents the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, Ba’ath meaning “resurrection” in Arabic. This is the same party of former dictator Saddam Hussein of Iraq. The Ba’athists hold a pan-Arab ideology which originally sought to unite all Arabs together in a socialist and revolutionary Arab nation, while usually discriminating against non-Arabs like the Kurds, the Jews, etc.

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